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Read2write:  Black beauty

wings to soar online academy 

This page updated:  0/28/2019

(c) 2019-21 WTSOA, third party copyrights applicable


Before You Read:

Lessons Learned:  The "Big" Picture

Believe it or not, we are nearing the end of Black Beauty!  This means we are also nearing the end of our time together.  This last lesson will ask you to reflect on all that you've learned and all that you've read.  The goal will be to apply, analyze, and adapt your experiences to something larger:  you as a life-long learner.

Let's summarize the skills we've covered:

Asking Questions:

  • An essential question (EQs)  is an open-ended question that requires thought.  It can not be answered with just one or two words, or with yes/no answers.  An EQ sparks the imagination or interest, and encourages additional questions that provoke inquiry and understanding of overarching, or "big" ideas.​

  • Asking essential questions gets us the information we need to learn more, clarify what is confusing, and expand our understanding of big ideas.

  • Often times when we are learning new information, we find terms, facts, events, or processes confusing.  We need to be reassured we understand something correctly so we can continue learning more. To help us clarify what is confusing and expand our understanding of big ideas, we need to ask a clarifying question (CQ) that clears up confusion.

  • One of the most important things I can show you is how to break down questions so you can be successful answering them.  Most of the time that means "knowing the tricks" to help you when you get confused.

  • While it's important to know that you must ask EQs/CQs, it is equally important to what kind of information or learning a question is searching for.  If you understand what kind of information a question is asking for (Bloom's Taxonomy), you can give an accurate answer or you can continue to learn more.

Bloom's Taxonomy

  • Bloom's Taxonomy is a way of understanding knowledge/learning.  With Blooms six levels, you can figure out what kind of answer is needed for any question or any assignment. 

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  • Dr. Benjamin Bloom said the way we learn is by going through levels of thinking.  Matchin verbs found in an assignments or questions to any one of a dozen or more Bloom's Taxonomy Verb Tables on the Internet, and you will know

    • what to do,

    • how much effort it will take, and

    • how long it will take.

Bloom's Levels:

  • The lowest level, the place were everyone starts out when learning something new, is at Remembering (Recall, or Knowledge).    At this first level we can remember, recall, repeat, memorize, list, find, match, or do similar things to show what we know. ​

  • Once we understand, we can Apply what we know.  We do, use, change, construct, show, complete, produce, AND practice to put into use the information we know.  We might make mistakes about details here, but we know enough to go back to our source to find out what detail we missed.  This level takes some effort and patience to complete and EQs at this level require you to "dig for an answer."  Most assignments or tests expect you to be able to apply what you know.  

  • The last three levels require a student to compare, contrast, categorize, give reasons and examples (Analyze)defend, argue, plan, teach, or give feedback/grade (Evaluate); invent, develop, design, research, role-play, or uncover a new way to... (Create)    To be successful at this higher level of Bloom's, a student must:

    • Increase critical-thinking time (meaning, no giving up or saying "I can't"), 

    • Ask CQs until everything that is new or unfamiliar is understood, 

    • Read and re-read (or listen to) the text many times (4 or more times!), 

    • Discuss harder ideas with other students, parents, and instructors,

    • Have opinions, and be ready to explain your yourself with evidence from the text, and...

    • Have a plan for accomplishing all of this over multiple days, and on-time.

  • Any assignment that asks you to answer an EQ will be in these last three levels.

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Bloom's Taxonomy Levels Take Effort:

  • No matter how "smart" you are, it is extremely difficult to complete any task in the higher levels of Bloom's without putting forth effort and taking time to do it.   It has nothing to do with how smart you are, it has to do with effort.


Effort = hard work + a plan to complete tasks on time

  • Effort is personal, and it doesn't look the same for everyone.  What takes effort for some may be easy for others.  Focus on your own path.

Read-to-Write Strategies:

Keyword Strategy

Bloom's Apply Level

Helps you find definitions of terms and ideas using the reading passage as the source of clues. 

Making Predictions Strategy

Bloom's Analyze Level

Use before, during, and after you read to stay involved with key ideas, major events, or important themes in a story.   Themes are patterns found in stories/books that teach a "big picture" idea.

Book Summary/Report Strategy

Bloom's Evaluate Level, Create Level

The purpose of the book summary/report is to present information to the reader so they can make a good choice about the book.

The audience of a book summary/report is people who are wondering if Black Beauty is a book they might like to read. 

Audience's Needs Strategy

Evaluate Level, Create Level

"Show, Don't Tell" an audience, and meet their needs with pathos, logos, ethos, to move from "merely suggesting to the audience" that a book is good to convincing the audience this a "must-read" book!