What is a Claim?

Listen

Introduction: 

 

Imagine this scene:  Junior is sitting with his mom in the Department of Motor Vehicles, waiting to get his driver's permit.  It must be "Get Your Driver's Permit" day, because the waiting area is full of teenagers.  Junior notices something that sends his heart fluttering - he's been waiting for proof - he even double-counts to make sure he is accurate - and now he has it. 

 

Junior turns to Mom and states boldly,

making a claim image.png

As you can see, every teen in this room has a cell phone, therefore I need a cell phone.

Junior has stated his opinion as strongly as he could, but THIS TIME, he has solid proof - maybe the strongest proof he's ever had! 

 

In past, he tried the old stand-bys , "But Mom, all my friends have cell phones..."  "What if you need to get ahold of me in a hurry?"  "But I really WANT a cell phone."   These have not worked so well - Junior had no proof.

Fact, Opinions, and Claims

Does Junior's statement fit the requirements of a strong opinion?  Could it possibly be a fact?  Just what kind of statement is this? 

 

Junior has made a claim/counterclaim.  The simple definition of a claim is an opinion stated like a fact, but that needs to be proven.

 

However, unlike a fact, a claim has yet to be proven strong (accepted by the listener) or weak (not accepted by the listener) until a few elements are addressed.

Directions:

 

1.  Make a copy of the printable document in the upper right corner of the lesson.

2.  Use the printable to follow along with the video.  The topic of counterclaim will be dealt with in a future lesson.  

3.  We will also go more in-depth on evidence in a future lesson.