This page updated 2/8/2021
Fact & Opinion
What is a Claim?
Imagine this scene: Junior sitting with his mom in the Department of Motor Vehicles, waiting to get his driver's permit. It must be "Get Your Driver's Permit" day, because the waiting area is full of teenagers.
Junior notices something that sends his heart fluttering - he's been waiting for proof - he even double-counts to make sure he is accurate - and he is! He turns to Mom and states boldly,
As you can see, every teen in this room has a cell phone, therefore I need a cell phone.
Junior has stated his opinion as strongly as he could, but THIS TIME, he has solid proof - maybe the strongest proof he's ever had!
In past, he tried the old stand-bys , "But Mom, all my friends have cell phones..." "What if you need to get ahold of me in a hurry?" "But I really WANT a cell phone." These have not worked so well - Junior has no proof.
Fact, Opinions, and Claims
Does Junior's statement fit the requirements of a strong opinion? Could it possibly be a fact? Just what kind of statement is this?
Junior has made a claim/counterclaim. The simple definition of a claim is an opinion stated based on a fact. However, unlike a fact, a claim has yet to be proven strong (accepted by the listener) or weak (not accepted by the listener) until a few elements are addressed.
Make a copy of the printable document above.
Use the printable to help you complete the next assignment called Practice: What is a Claim/Counterclaim?
Be sure you review the the definitions of each term in red on the printable. Make sure the definition makes sense to you.
Don't worry if you are a little "fuzzy" on the terms. We will practice these terms quite a bit in this unit and the next.